In this post we will discuss about the Italian Verbs Conjugations and about some Italian Irregular Infinitives with special regard to the Latin origin and the English equivalent verb.
Here below a descriptive video.
Italian Verbs Conjugations
All the Italian Verbs are divided in three classes. Each of this class is defined by the Infinitive termination: the First Class ends in ARE, the Second Class ends in ERE, the Third Class ends in IRE.
Here following you have a list of some of the most common Italian Verbs for these three classes.
to have to
Each Class difines and provides the rules for the regular Italian Verbs. Instead if the verbs does not follow all the endings provided by its class or changes its root, it is an Irregular Verbs.
You have here an example of the REGULAR PRESENT (1st Conjugation) and of one IRREGULAR PRESENT (1st Conjugation)
(Regular, TO HOPE)
(Irregular, TO GO)
|IO||SPER – O||VADO|
|TU||SPER – I||VAI|
|LUI / LEI||SAPER – A||VA|
|NOI||SPER – IAMO||ANDIAMO|
|VOI||SPER – ATE||ANDATE|
|LORO||SPER – ANO||VANNO|
You can see that in order to conjugate SPERARE, that is a regular verb, you must drop the infinitive ending ARE, and then to attach the 1st class regular engings: – O, – I, – A, – IAMO, – ATE, – ANO.
By the other side the irregular Verb ANDARE not only changes its root but also changes the regular terminations for the first conjugation (for example VANNO).
Italian Irregular Infinitives
Finally we can speak about some interesting irregular infinitives. They are irregular from the Second Class (ERE), you can understand why looking at the Latin origin of these verbs: these Latin infinitives are all ending in ERE.
There are three possible endings for these Italian Irregular Infinitives: ORRE, URRE, ARRE. You will see that there is often an interesting simmetry between the Italian Infinitives and the equivalent in English regarding:
- the root of the verb
- the Englih terminations.
See below for more details:
|ESTR-ARRE||EX-TRAH-ERE||TO EX – TRACT|
|ATR-ARRE||AB-TRAH-ERE||TO ABS – TRACT|
|DISTR-ARRE||DIS-TRAH-ERE||TO DIS – TRACT|
|CONTR-ARRE||CON-TRAH-ERE||TO CON – TRACT|
Here you find an Online Latin Dictionary that will let you know the English translation of the Latin words.
Italian Verbs Conjugations plus some Irregular Infinitives
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