Italian Articles

“Definite articles”, corresponding to the English “The”.

They are used to indicate people, animals or things that are specific, that cannot be confused with others. They introduce things that are known to the people we are talking with. (download)

MaschileFemminile
 SingularILLOL’LAL’
Before masculine nouns starting with consonant (except: s+ consonant, z, y, ps, pn, gn)Before masculine nouns starting with specific consonants: s+ consonant, z, y, ps, pn, gn.Before masculine nouns starting with vowel.Before feminine nouns starting with consonant.Before feminine nouns starting with vowel.
Es. IL BAMBINO, IL TAVOLOEs. LO STUDENTE, LO ZIO, LO YOGURTEs. L’ELEFANTE, L’AMICOEs. LA CASA, LA SCUOLA, LA STAZIONE. LA BAMBINAEs. L’AMICA, L’ACQUA
 PluralIGLIGLILELE
Es. I BAMBINI, I TAVOLIEs. GLI STUDENTI, LO ZII, GLI YOGURTEs. GLI ELEFANTI, GLI AMICIEs. LE CASE, LE SCUOLE, LE STAZIONI. LE BAMBINEEs. LE AMICHE, LE ACQUE

 

“Indefinite Articles”, corresponding to the English “A, An”.

They are used to indicate people, animals or things that are not specific, that we don’t know exactly as specific thing or object. They don’t have plural. (download)

 MaschileFemminile
 SingularUNUNOUNAUN’
  • Before masculine nouns starting with consonant (except: s+ consonant, z, y, ps, pn, gn)
  • Before masculine nouns starting with vowel.
Before masculine nouns starting with specific consonants: s+ consonant, z, y, ps, pn, gn.Before feminine nouns starting with consonant.Before feminine nouns starting with vowel.
  • Es. UN BAMBINO, UN TAVOLO
  • Es. UN ELEFANTE, UN AMICO
Es. UNO STUDENTE, UNO ZIO, UNO YOGURTEs. UNA CASA, UNA SCUOLA, UNA STAZIONE, UNA BAMBINA.Es. UN’AMICA, UN’ACQUA