Do you know that in Italian there are plenty of Italian Verbs coming from the Latin preposition AD (the Italian prefix A) + an Adjective or a Noun? The result is an INFINITIVE VERB ending in ARE or in IRE. It never ends in ERE.
First of all we will discuss about these Composed Italian Verbs and then you will find a nice Exercise for practicing.
Composed Italian Verbs: A + ADJECTIVE
|AD +||ADJECTIVE||RESULT||IN ENGLISH|
|1. AD +||LUNGO||ALLUNGARE||1. to make something longer: TO EXTEND|
|2. AD +||CORTO||ACCORCIARE||2. to make something shorter: TO SHORTEN|
|3. AD +||BASSO||ABBASSARE||3. to make something lower: TO LOWER|
|4. AD +||BELLO||ABBELLIRE||4. to make something more beauty: TO BEAUTIFY|
|5. AD +||ROSSO||ARROSSARE||5. to become red: TO REDDEN|
|6. AD +||ROSSO||ARROSSIRE||6. to become red in face: TO BLUSH|
|7. AD +||COMODO||ACCOMODARE||7. to make your self or someone comfortable. Sometimes TO ARRANGE.|
Composed Italian Verbs: A + NOUNS
The same happens with some NOUNS.
|AD +||NOUN||RESULT||IN ENGLISH|
|1. AD +||TERRA||ATTERRARE||1. to get the land: TO LAND|
|2. AD +||LUNA||ALLUNARE||2. to LAND ON THE MOON|
|3. AD +||BRACCIO||ABBRACCIARE||3. TO HUG|
|4. AD +||DENTE||ADDENTARE||4. TO BITE|
|5. AD +||SAPORE||ASSAPORARE||5. TO TASTE|
|6. AD +||LACCIO||ALLACCIARE||6. TO LACE|
|7. AD +||BOTTONE||ABBOTTONARE||7. TO BOTTON UP|
Notice that ALWAYS the old D drops and the first consonant of the noun or of the adjective doubles.
Pay attention to pronounce clearly the double consonants. (To know more about the right pronunciation of the double consonants, visit this page: Italian Pronunciation: Double Consonants.)
Finally a nice exercise for practicing.
Composed Italian Verbs Exercises
Try now to imagine by yourself the result of the contraction and guess the word meaning in English. Remember that the infinitive can end only in ARE or in IRE.
Remember also that:
1. the D from the Latin preposition AD drops
2. the first consonant of the noun or of the adjective doubles.
|AD +||ADJECTIVE or NOUN||RESULT||IN ENGLISH|
|1. AD +||VICINO (adj.)||—||—|
|2. AD +||LONTANO (adj.)||—||—|
|3. AD +||FIANCO (noun)||—||—|
|4. AD +||DOLCE (adj.)||—||—|
|5. AD +||SOCIO (noun)||—||—|
|6. AD +||VALORE (noun)||—||—|
|7. AD +||FONDO (noun)||—||—|
|8. AD +||NIENTE or NULLA |
Here you have an hint, it is the random list of the English verbs that come out from the exercise. 😉 TO SINK, TO PLACE NEAR, TO VALIDATE, TO SWEETEN, TO PLACE SIDE BY SIDE, TO ASSOCIATE, TO DISTANCE, TO CANCEL.
Finally remember that in some case these verbs come also from some pronouns or other types of words. Another example is “AD + DENTRO”, it gives ADDENTRARE, “to come inside”, TO ENTER in English.
Composed Italian Verbs plus some Italian Verbs Exercises
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